Ruth R. Ladip-Ladwingon
This study defined the ethno linguistic identity of the iDakaran sub tribe. Specifically, it identified their values or cultural norms under the three Kalinga guiding principles paniyaw, ngilin and biin; defined their intra cultural and intercultural communication styles, and classify the sub tribe’s cultural patterns. It employed the exploratory qualitative research design for it described, analyzed, and interpreted the focus cultural group’s shared patterns of behavior, beliefs, and language that developed over time. Findings of the study revealed the strong influence of the Kalinga guiding principles in the values they manifest like respect, hospitality and brotherhood. Furthermore, these values were found to be inherent during intra cultural and intercultural communication encounters. The occurrence of a distinct relationship between their language and their values classified the sub tribe as collectivist in nature, low-context in communication, flexible ethnocentric and a masculine society. However, there had been significant indications of negative transition comparing the past and present generations of iDakarans resulting to the need to strengthen the knowledge of the sub tribe members with regard their ethno linguistic identity.
Keywords: cultural identity, Dacalan, ethno linguistics, language and culture